125 Lilian Drive, Toronto, Ontario Canada • M1R 3W6 Canada P: 416-751-9823 • F: 416-755-1832 • T: 1-888-751-9823  Canada

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Charlene Kopansky,
President & Founder
canfitpro Life Time
Achievement Award  2013

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Magical Properties_Benefits

Who Benefits? Everyone Who Tries It! 

  • All Ages - youth through older adults 
  • Males and females
  • Athletes such as: runners and marathoners, football, basketball, soccer, rugby players, swimmers, weight lifters, walkers, gymnasts and skiers
  • Dancers
  • Health and wellness conscious people 
  • Rehabilitation patients ex: breast cancer, accident recovery, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, osteoporosis, cardio, sport injuries and joint rehabilitation
  • Weight, strength, stature and mobility challenged people
  • Pre and post natal
  • Fitness enthusiasts
  • Persons looking for cross training
  • Persons who are unable to exercise due to weather conditions 

What Are The Benefits Of Exercising In Water?

  • Multiple muscles can be worked at the same time or you can isolate specific muscles. 
  • Each participant is able to work at their own intensity unlike land sessions where you feel it is necessary to keep up with the instructor.
  • Participants feel safe in the water. They are not going to fall and hurt themselves- They work in water that is at a level comfortable to them.

The Five "Magical Properties of Water"

CALA Aquafitness Movements Use the 5 Properties of Water.
Learn more about: Buoyancy, Thermal Connectivity, Hydrostatic Pressure, Turbulence, Resistance

Water workouts are a great way to get fit and to keep fit! The unique physical properties of water provide an ideal environment for exercise. The natural buoyancy of water reduces weight bearing stress, allowing greater ease of movement with less strain on bones, joints, and muscles. The increased density of water creates even and fluid resistance in all directions, comfortably toning and strengthening muscles with greater balance and efficiency. Turbulence, hydrostatic pressure, buoyancy, resistance and thermal conductivity are all properties that make water a magical environment in which to move.

Water is Magical - Turbulence

    • Currents in the water massage the skin, promoting circulation and relaxation

    • Turbulence contributes to the resistance felt in aquatic exercise

    • Turbulence creates an unstable environment encouraging the core muscles of the body to become stronger to maintain correct position and posture. Turbulence can be manipulated to make an exercise easier or harder.

Water is Magical - Resistance

  • The density of water is approximately 1000 times greater than air.

  • The intensity of the exercise can be increased or decreased by changing hand positions (surface area). The hand positions include the following choices for a participant:

  1. Slice: easiest intensity in terms of surface area

  2. Fist: moderate intensity in terms of surface area

  3. Flat hand: hardest intensity in terms of surface area

  4. Specific hand held Equipment: has the potential to be a much higher level of intensity in terms of surface area

    • The intensity of the workout can be greatly altered by changing shape / size / and, or speed of the moving body parts. Increasing the speed of motion while maintaining surface area and range of motion will cause an exponential increase in the work done.

    • Every movement performed under the water will encounter resistance. This means that the body will meet resistance in every direction of movement.

    • Resistance of water dampens the speed of motion and the end point of each movement thus preventing or diminishing the occurrence of jerky movements and the risk of injury.

    • The energy expenditure in water is similar or greater than on land because more stabilizer muscles are used during water exercise, especially if it is performed while suspended in deep water.

Water is Magical - Buoyancy

  • The buoyancy of water decreases the amount of shock which is transmitted through the bones/joints/ligaments on landing, while in chest deep water. In deep water, there is no impact, therefore no shock to the body.
  • Buoyancy decreases the effects of gravity: Body weight is reduced by 75–90% (chest to neck level immersion). An individual who weighs 70kg on land will weigh about 7kg in neck deep water. Special populations including the obese, the elderly who may have fragile bones, the arthritic, the disabled, the injured athlete, as well as pre and post natal women will exercise with relative ease in the water.
  • Range of motion is increased; this improves joint mobility and contributes to dynamic flexibility
  • The force of buoyancy assists in venous return. On land, the downward force of gravity pushes blood toward the feet. The cardiovascular system works against gravity to return blood to the heart. In the water, the up-thrust of buoyancy counteracts the downward pull of gravity thus assisting with venous return. This will contribute to lower exercise heart rates during aqua-fitness!

Water is Magical - Hydrostatic Pressure (HP)

  • Water exerts pressure against the body acting like a full body support hosiery during water exercise.

  • The heart rate is lowered without losing cardiovascular or aerobic training effects including the following:

  1. HP assists participants to exercise more vigorously with less strain on the cardiovascular system.

  2. HP reduces swelling in injured/swollen joints or limbs that are immersed.

  3. The pressure of water on the chest wall creates a training effect for the respiratory muscles.

Water is Magical - Thermal Conductivity

  • Water conducts heat approximately 25 times faster than air.
  • The water ‘wicks’ away excess body heat during exercise, creating a cool, comfortable workout environment.
  • Blood that would be shunted to the skin for cooling is available to deliver oxygen and remove waste products from the working muscles
  • The heart does not have to work at keeping the body cool, instead it works to enable the workout to continue.
  • The recommended pool temperature for aqua-fitness is between 82-87OF.

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Web site: Last Update:  May 27, 2014